Reserva de la Biósfera Los Tuxtlas
Amortiguamiento.
La mayor parte de la Biósfera de Los Tuxtlas es sólo una zona
Restricciones ambientales son de gran alarde de aquí porque
en el momento de decretar la Biósfera la población local
fuertemente resistió la idea, porque como es común en la
política mexicana, la población no fue consultada.
Nucleo de Volcán San Martín Tuxtla.
los bosques por encima de 1000 metros.

Más tarde se amplió a aprox. 20.000 hectáreas y, a
continuación, pasó a formar parte de la Biósfera. Sólo 9.806
hectáreas de esta zona ahora se consideran el núcleo y
están supuestamente protegidos plenamente.

Este núcleo abarca la mayoría de las tierras altas del Volcán
San Martín Tuxtla, además de una asa de olla que llega a
través de la Estación Biológica Tropical Los Tuxtlas hasta el
borde del Golfo de México, cerca de Playa Escondida.
Núcleo de la Sierra de Santa Marta.
Este núcleo es también un remanente del fervor de  la
protección ecológica de 1979.

De  83.000 hectáreas originalmente protegidas, el núcleo se
redujo a 18.032 hectáreas.

Núcleo del Cerro San Martín Pajapan.
La formación de este núcleo era una idea de último momento  
despues de las proyectos más tempranos de protejer Los
Tuxtlas.

En 1994, el area del cerro pasó a formar parte de la Biósfera  
y adjudicada principalmente su población popoluca y nahuatl,  
un núcleo de 1.883 hectáreas, de alta altura que es
probablemente  que las vacas no son capaces de llegar.
BORRADOR
The Mexican federal Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve in the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas, southern Veracruz (Reserva de la
Biosfera Los Tuxtlas
), was created in 1998 by the consolidation of several other protected areas which had been declared
reserves dating as far back as 1934.

Since the first attempt at protection, the Biosphere has lost almost 90% of its flora and most of its larger mammals and
reptiles. As of 2010 deforestation and defaunation, although diminished, have not been stopped.

The Biosphere protects mostly the higher inland elevations of Los Tuxtlas, roughly above 1000 feet, but also includes
almost 75 miles of coast line. The major communities in Los Tuxtlas, and also Laguna Catemaco, are not part of the
Biosphere.

Basically the Biosphere is divided into two zones. The supposedly highly protected zone includes the 3 nuclei of Volcano
San Martín Tuxtla, the Sierra Santa Marta and Cerro San Martín Pajapan. The other, largest zone, is an
amortiguamiento
(buffer area) surrounding the nuclei.

Most of the 155,222 hectares of land within the reserve are in private or community possession. In 1998 about 10% of land
within the biosphere was expropriated.

So of the 155 thoasan hectares (600 square miles) in the Biosphere, in effect only 24,421 ha (95 square miles) are vaguely
protected, frequently with only two (2008) of what are the equivalent of forest rangers in Mexico.
This article is a stub. For much more complete information about the geography, fauna, flora and
most everything in the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas, please read
The Biosphere maintains an office in the city of Catemaco, staffed with less than 10 employees. Although obligated
to so do in 1998, the Biosphere did not complete its Management Plan until 2009.

Although its funding from federal Mexican sources is minimal, numerous NGO's and foreign organizations have
allocated millions of dollars to the Reserve. Very little is known about how the money was spent, nor what the result
are or were.

A recent and ongoing project by the reserve was the institution of a 20 peso per day fee to visit the Biosphere.
The fee, in the form of  the purchase of a bracelet from strategic vendors, is being resisted by local tourism
providers and is rarely applied.
links
Los Tuxtlas Info
Covers most of the Los Tuxtlas living and cultural aspects from archaeology to zoology,
including its history, flora and people.

Municipios
Includes data and photos of the major cities of Los Tuxtlas,
Santiago Tuxtla, San Andrés Tuxtla, Soteapan, Hueyapan de Ocampo,
Tatahuicapan de Júarez, Mecayapan, Pajapan and others.

Geography
Details of all the features of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas from the coast to the top of volcanoes

The Biosphere
The Biosphere Reserve of Los Tuxtlas supposedly protects the remaining flora and fauna of the region.
In addition to the Biosphere there are several other private and government reserves.