|Santiago Tuxtla is a municipio in the southeast of the state of Veracruz, in east central
Mexico in the north of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas.
The same named county seat is the cultural capital of the northern Los
Tuxtlas, and traces its history to the Olmec civilization, 1400 BC.
The county occupies all of the surroundings of the extinct El Vigia volcano and much
of the northern inland slopes of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas to the inland rivers.
Santiago Tuxtla vaguely evokes the historic charm of Taxco. The city has retained
many of its historic homes and there are many panoramic views along its winding
Main access is Highway 180, Veracruz to Acayucan, and a connection from the
Veracruz - Minatitlan toll road, near the city of Isla, and approximately 40 minutes from
|Santiago Tuxtla had a population of 54,939 as of the 2005 census, including about 500 indigenous people.
The only major towns are the same named county seat with a population of 15,225, Tres Zapotes (3,190), and
Tlapacoyan (2,614). plus another 19 communities with more than 500 inhabitants.
Population density is 66/km², and growth is stagnant: 1995 (54,522 ), 2005 (54,939 )
Illiteracy runs 26%, and on the poverty scale the municipio ranks at 866 out of 2454.
App. 6,500 families received 56 million pesos in 2008 of "Oportunidades" welfare funds.
70.9% of employed workers earned less than 2 minimum wages in 2005.
The 2008 municipal budget was 95.7 million pesos, 1741 pesos per inhabitant.
The municipio occupies 711 km².
315 km² are dedicated to livestock, and 8237 cattle were slaughtered in 2007.
Agriculture on 98 km² harvests mostly corn, coffee and some oranges.
It has a 99 km road net and as of 2007, 2,864 vehicles were registered, plus 9,700 horses.
Central coordinates are 18°28′0″N, 95°15′0″W , and the central altitude is 180 m.
The highest elevation is probably around 800m. It has no coastal exposure.
A small section in the north of the county is part of the Biosphere Reserve of Los Tuxtlas.
Almost 31% is considered part of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas.
|Santiago Tuxtla is part of the
Region: Los Tuxtlas
Distrito electoral local: XXIV Santiago Tuxtla
Distrito electoral federal: XIX San Andrés Tuxtla
The municipio borders:
North: Angel R. Cabada
East: San Andrés Tuxtla
West: Saltabarranca, Isla y Tlacotalpan
|The city still mirrors the arrival of Hernan Cortes and the three centuries in which the municipio dominated the economy
and politics of the northern Los Tuxtlas.
Still considered the cultural heart of Los Tuxtlas, the city boasts of the Tuxtleco Museum and many cultural events.
Tourism in the city offers a historic downtown, several hotels, some restaurants, a beautiful central plaza, and frequent
performances by jarocho musicians. Significant is the presence of three colossal heads of the Olmec in the municipality,
incluiding the largest and the smallest heads found todate..
Livestock and agriculture are the focus of its economy, but is considered one of the poorest counties of Veracruz.
The pueblo has no access to the beach of the Gulf and only a small portion is protected by the biosphere reserve of the