Partially Annotated and Taxonomic Checklist of The Birds of The State of Veracruz, Mexico
by W. J. Schaldach, Jr.,  Catemaco, Veracruz, Mexico, 1998 - 2003

Transients
Transient North American Migrants in Veracruz State

1.      Elanoides forficatus – rare on both fall and spring passages.  Add Pronatura data.

2.      Ictinia misisippiensis – September – late October; April and May.

3.      Buteo platypterus – September – October; late March – Mid-May.  Rare winterer in Tuxtlas, at least.

4.      B. swainsonii – September – October; March – April.  No verified winter records on Atlantic Coast.

5.      Pluvialis dominica – Late February – Mid-May; Late August – end of October.

6.      Bartramia longicauda – late March – mid-May; late July – mid-October.

7.      Limosa haemasticta – 12 Aug.; 6 + 17 Sept.; and 4 Oct. (WJS records in Tuxtlas); 18 April – 17 May.

8.      Calidris pusilla – late March and May; mid-July – October.  No winter records.

9.      C. bairdii – mid-March and May; August – early October.

10.  C. fuscicollis – late April – 28 May; Late August – early November.

11.  C. melanotas – mid-August – end October; mid-March – end May.

12.  Tryngites subruficollis – 4 March (S.H.)  7 May.

13.  Phalaropus tricolor – 22 August – 18 October; 19 April – 31 May.

14.   Sterna hirundo – late August – end October; April – mid-May.  Rare winterer in Tuxtlas (coast).

15.  Childonias niger – late August – 25 October; 8 April to 27 May (in Tuxlas).  Add Pronatura data.

16.  Coccyzus americanus – August – end October; mid-April – May.

17.  C. erythrophthalmus – mid-April – early-June; late August to November.

18.  Chordeiles minor – northern ssp.  April – May; 22 August – 24 November.

19.  Chaetura pelagica – mid-March to mid-May; September – early November.

20.  Archilochus alexandrii – Transient through the edge of the plateau in W. eracruz – 1 spec. from Las Vegas + sights by WJS + Pronatura.

21.  A. colibri – transient through entire state, contra Howell + Webb (995: 424, map).  Winters entirely on dry Pacific slope.  March – mid-May; late August – end October.

22.  Contopus borealis – transient through entire state, but small populations winter in mountains.  From Motzorongo, Presidio, + Los Tuxtlas south-east.  April – end May; and September to early November.

23.  Contopus virens – September – end October; April – end May.

24.  Empidonax virescens – end March – mid-May; September to end October.

25.  E. traillii – 16 August – 8 November; 1-28 May.

26.  E. alnorum - 16 August – 8 November; 1-28 May.

27.  Myarchus crinitus – Transient through state, but small populations winter from presidio + los Tuxtlas S.E.  6 September to 30 October; late March – 23 May.

28.  Tyrannus tyrannus – 8 August – 12 October; late March – 18 May.

29.  Tyrannus forficatus – Transient through most of state, with occasional wintering birds from Los Tuxtlas S.E.  Bulk of entire population winters on the Pacific coast from Oaxaca S.E. late March – May; August to early November.

30.   Progue subis – late February – 8 May; 28 August – 18 October.

31.  Riparia riparia – late March – 17 May; 22 August – 27 October.

32.  Hirundo “pyrrhonota” – 29 March – 22 May; 22 August – 5 November.

33.  NR – Hirundo fulva – 2 March – 18 April; 2 – 28 October (WJS records in Los Tuxtlas).

34.  Catharus fuscescens – 17 September – 11 October; 29 April – 13 May.  (Minn. specimens.)

35.  C. minimus – 27 September – 10 November (Minn.)

36.  C. swainsonii – 20 September – 13 October; 15 April – 14 May.  We consider this a sibling species.

37.  Vireo bellii – 5 April – mid-May; September – early October.

38.  Vireosylva gilva – transient through most of state with wintering populations from Los Tuxtlas S.E.  28 March – 12 May; August – October.

39.  Vireosylva “olivacea” – 14 August – 23 November; 28 March – 28 May.

40.  V. philadelphica – April – mid-May; September – October.  u. to r. winter resident from Los Tuxtlas S.E.

41.  Vermivora chrysoptera – April to 12 May; 15 September to 28 October.  vu winterer from Los Tuxtlas S.E.

42.  Protonotaria citrea – 29 March – 5 May; winters 11 August – 16 October.  But a small population winters in the swamp forest and mangroves in Los Tuxtlas.

43.  Dendroica pensylvanica – 18 September – 30 October; 16 April to 31 May (Minn. Spec.).  Transient through N. + C. Veracruz, rarely winters - with a small wintering population from Los Tuxtlas, S.E.

44.  Dendroica chrysoparia – transient through W. and S.E. Veracruz April – May; August – September.

45.  D. castanea – late April to 24 May; late September – early November.

46.  D. cerulea – 18 September – 12 October; 12 April – 6 May.

47.  D. fusca – 21 September – 4 November;  14 April – 3 June.  (3 winter records Los Tuxtlas (WJS) + “winter of 1912-13” at Orizaba (Specimen by Mann, reported in Loetscher 1955: 41.)

4 Warbler species (listed below) are trans-Gulf migrants which, WJS hypothesizes, are blown off their normal trans-gulf migration routes to Yucatan Peninsula by strong winds from the N.E and which land in Los Tuxtlas by using the Sierra de Tuxtla as a “beacon.”  These 4 spp. Winter here as follows –

1. Dendroica tigrina – 17 September – 8 May.

2. D. caerulescens – 5 October – 17 November; 9 April – 3 May – 7 Winter records.

3. D. discolor – 28 March – 20 April; September – early October.  41 winter records.

4. D. palmarum – 19 September – 27 April.  47 winter records.

By comparing the maps for these species in Howell and Webb, 1995, it can be clearly seen that the normal wintering grounds are on the Caribbean coasts of eastern Mexico and N. Central America, except that D. discolor also occurs wintering in South Florida and D. palmarum also winters across the Northern Yucatan Peninsula.

48.  Linnothlypis swainsonii – 29 September – 13 October; April to 4 May.  18 winter records.

49.  Oporornis philadelphia – 4 October – 7 November; 29 April – 24 May.

50.  Wilsonia canadensis – 17 August – 18 October; 25 April – 24 May.

51.  Piranga olivacea – 28 September – 27 October; 3 April – 6 May.

52.  Spiza americana – 11 August – 20 October; 20 April – 22 May.

53.  Larus Pipixcan – 9 August – 29 May.  Most winter in W.S.A.  A few winter on Veracruz coast.

 

These dates are given only as a base-line.  Much work remains to be done.  State-wide on arrival dates and durations of both Fall and Spring migrations of transients.

Catemaco
Veracruz, Mexico